Early Icelandic jurisdiction had very few methods of punishment for its criminals. Not only were there no prisons, but there was also no person with the power to do something like inflict the death penalty. The main options of punishment were either fines or outlawry. Outlawry was the exclusion of the criminal from society and … More The Everyday Life of an Icelandic Outlaw in the Sagas
On the 3rd of February 1432 did something remarkable happen on a small island far to the north in the then known world. What happened that day, and the next three months have shaped the identity of that small island. It is common knowledge that in the fifteenth century did the European economy consist of … More Paradise’s first circle
How many times do you hear or see it stated that medieval people hardly ever washed? Is it correct to assume that the men and women of the medieval period restricted bathing to an annual (or even more infrequent) activity, and so smelled almost all of the time? In trying to answer these questions I … More The Great Unwashed?